Published government actions (Federal, Alaska, California, Oregon and Washington) impacting fisheries for the week 3/23/14 – 3/29/14

Published government actions impacting fisheries for the week 3/23/14 – 3/29/14

NOAA/NMFS

Monday March 24

Proposed information collection (Pacific halibut) – request for comments

NOAA invites public comments on Pacific halibut fishing effort and harvest by all user groups, including the guided sport charter sector of the fishery. This merely extends currently approved information collection. Comments are due by May 23, 2014 and instructions for submission are available in the attached link.  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-24/pdf/2014-06338.pdf

Proposed information collection (Alaska BSAI Crab) – request for comments

NOAA invites public comments on the Alaska Region Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Crab Rationalization Arbitration system. This merely extends currently approved information collection. Comments are due by May 23, 2014 and instructions for submission are available in the attached link. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-24/pdf/2014-06318.pdf

Proposed information collection (Albacore) – request for comments

NOAA invites public comments on a new information collection whereby NMFS will seek to collect economic information for fishing vessels in the West Coast Commercial Albacore Fishery. Information about revenues, variable and fixed costs, capital investment, vessel characteristics, and employment would be collected from vessel owners for a stratified random sample of vessels in this fishery. The data will be used to assess how fishermen will be impacted by and respond to federal regulation likely to be considered by fishery managers. Comments are due by May 23, 2014 and instructions for submission are available in the attached link.  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-24/pdf/2014-06250.pdf

Tuesday March 25

Briefing Book – Pacific Fishery Management Council April Meeting

The Briefing Book contains “situation summaries” (brief summaries that provide background for each agenda item), reports and materials for each agenda item, and written public comment. Memos and Agendas for advisory bodies and committees are also available. http://www.pcouncil.org/resources/archives/briefing-books/april-2014-briefing-book/#April2014

Thursday March 27

Commercial Salmon Fisheries off the West Coast – modification of fishing seasons – request for comments

NOAA Fisheries announces three inseason actions in the ocean salmon fisheries. These inseason actions modified the commercial salmon fisheries in the area from Cape Falcon,  Oregon to Point Arena, California.  Inseason action #1 adjusted the scheduled opening date for commercial salmon fisheries from Cape Falcon, Oregon, to Humbug Mountain, Oregon, and from Humbug Mountain, Oregon, to the Oregon/California Border. These fisheries, previously scheduled to open March 15, 2014, now open April 1, 2014.  Inseason action #2 cancelled the previously scheduled April 16–30, 2014, commercial salmon fishery from Horse Mountain, California to Point Arena, California.  Inseason action #3 adjusted the landing limits for halibut caught incidental to the April 2014 commercial salmon fishery. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-27/pdf/2014-06821.pdf

Alaska Department of Fish and Game

Sunday, March 23

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #5

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388362212.pdf

 South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod Pot Gear – season closure

The South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for all vessels using pot gear will close at NOON Monday, March 24, 2014. Inseason catch estimates indicate the pot gear harvest allocation will be attained at the time of the closure. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388405349.pdf

Monday March 24

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #6

Fishery: Opened March 23, 1:30 p.m.-3:10 p.m., Starrigavan and Katlian Bays north of 57°07.18′ N., east of 135°26.63′ W., south of 57°08.96′ N. Preliminary processor hails for this opening total 5,000 tons. Total harvest for the season is approximately 10,300 tons. No fishery planned for today to allow for processing of yesterday’s harvest. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388520122.pdf

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #7

No fishery is planned through March 25 to allow for processing of harvest. The department will be consulting with industry representatives to determine when processing and tendering will be available to provide for another fishery.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388630974.pdf

Tuesday March 25

Prince William Sound herring fishery – Announcement #1

All commercial herring fisheries in Prince William Sound (PWS) between 7/1/13 and 6/30/14 are closed.  Age Structured Assessment (ASA) modeling results are not yet available, but observed mile-days of spawn in 2013 indicate that the prefishery run biomass for 2014 will likely be below the regulatory threshold. According to 5AAC 27.365(b) Prince William Sound herring management plan, no fishery may be opened if the estimated spawning biomass is projected to be below 22,000 tons. Because of the limited amount of observed spawn in 2013, all herring fisheries will be closed. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388729287.pdf

Southeast Alaska Geoduck Clam fishery – Announcement

The following area will be open for the commercial harvest of geoduck clams for live sale from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon, Thursday, March 27, 2014:

In District 1 Vegas and Hotspur Islands (Subdistrict 101-25-003): will be open for a guideline harvest level of 136,300 pounds of whole geoduck clams.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388858974.pdf

Wednesday March 26

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #8

The total harvest is 9,858 tons leaving 6,475 tons remaining on this season’s guideline harvest level. Plans are to seek another harvesting opportunity today. Available processing and tendering capacities at this time are not sufficient to harvest the remaining 6,475 tons today. If a fishery is called today a lesser amount will be targeted. The department will be consulting with industry representatives to determine an appropriate harvest level. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388930435.pdf

 Southeast Alaska Geoduck Clam fishery – Announcement

The commercial harvest of geoduck clams for live sale will open from 9AM to 3PM on Thursday March 27 in the Portillo Channel and Maurelle Islands area of Districts 3 and 4. Harvest guidelines are 10,000 lbs for Portillo Channel and 55,500 lbs for Maurelle Islands.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389025373.pdf

Ketchikan herring fishery – Update #2

Provided was information on surveys for the areas:  Revilla Channel, Craig/Klawock and West Behm Canal.  Next scheduled aerial survey planned for Friday, March 28. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389178276.pdf

Thursday March 27

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #9

Yesterday, March 26, the fishery was opened from 2:30 p.m.-3:40 p.m. in the Eastern Channel area. Processors hails put the harvest at approximately 3,700 tons. The total harvest to date for the three open periods is 13,500 tons, leaving approximately 2,800 tons remaining of this season’s guideline harvest level.   Plans are to stand down on fishing today to allow for processing.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389411047.pdf

 Ketchikan herring fishery – Update #3

Provided was information on surveys for the areas:  Craig/Klawock.  A skiff survey in the Craig area – no herring spawn observed. Large numbers of predators were seen throughout the area.  20 whales observed on north end of Parida Island along with a large biomass of herring. Small schools of herring observed on west side of Fish Egg Island and on southern tip of Wadleigh Island at Entrance Point. There are 70 pounds on the grounds not including tow pens and structures with no webbing. No herring have been introduced into the pound structures.  No surveys for Revilla Channel and West Behm Canal.  Next scheduled aerial survey planned for Saturday, March 29. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389516051.pdf

Bristol Bay salmon – 2014 Outlook for commercial salmon fishing

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game releases its Bristol Bay 2014 Outlook for Commercial Salmon Fishing. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389608893.pdf

Friday March 28

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #10

The total harvest to date for the three open periods is 13,400 tons, leaving Approximately 2,900 tons remaining of this season’s guideline harvest level.  Plans for today are to seek an opportunity to harvest the remaining 2,900 tons of the guideline harvest level.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/389847945.pdf

 2014 Kuskokwim River Salmon Fishery – News Release 1

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game addressed two emergency petitions filed regarding the 2014 Kuskokwim River Salmon Fishery. An emergency petition to add dip nets as legal gear for the taking of salmon other than king salmon during times of king salmon conservation was adopted. An emergency petition to provide the department the ability to restrict the length of subsistence gillnets from 50-fathoms to 25-fathoms (150 feet) during times of king salmon conservation was adopted.  This is a revised news release updating one released at 10:15 AM.  It corrects limitations on webbing stretch mesh size.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/390077536.pdf

2014 Southern Southeast Inside Subdistrict Sablefish Fishery – News Release 1

The 2014 Southern Southeast Inside (SSEI) Subdistrict sablefish commercial annual harvest objective (AHO) is 536,618 round lb, a decrease of 8% from the 2013 AHO of 583,280 round lb.  Also discussed:  Registration and Logbook Requirements, Tagged Sablefish, Fish Ticket Requirements, Sablefish Possession and Landing Requirements, Bycatch and Prohibitions.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/390185246.pdf

Prince William Sound State-waters Pacific Cod Fishery  – Season closure to Pot gear.

The Prince William Sound (PWS) Area E state-waters Pacific cod season will close to vessels fishing with pot gear effective 5:00 p.m. March 28, 2014. The PWS parallel Pacific cod season remains open to vessels fishing with jig gear.   The PWS state-waters Pacific cod season opened to pot gear at 12:00 noon, February 14 with a guideline harvest level (GHL) of 1.46 million pounds. According to the PWS Pacific cod management plan (5 AAC 28.267) the PWS state-waters Pacific cod season closes to pot gear when 90 percent (1.32 million lb) of the GHL is achieved. Based upon current and projected harvest levels, 90 percent of the GHL will be achieved by 5:00 p.m. March 28, 2014. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/390228024.pdf

Saturday March 29

Sitka Sound herring fishery – Update #11

No fishery occurred yesterday March 28. The total harvest to date for the three open periods is 13,400 tons, leaving approximately 2,900 tons remaining of this season’s guideline harvest level.   Plans for today are to seek an opportunity to harvest the remaining 2,900 tons of the guideline harvest level. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/390324366.pdf

 Ketchikan herring fishery – Update #4

Provided was information on surveys for the areas:  Craig/Klawock.  A skiff survey in the Craig area – one small spot of herring spawn on Coronados Islands.  Large numbers of predators were seen throughout the area.  Next aerial survey planned for Sunday, March 30.  http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/390410517.pdf

California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Thursday, March 27

Meeting Agenda – April Fish and Game Commission Meeting

California Fish and Game Commission has released its meeting Agenda for April 16 meeting to be held in Ventura, Ca. Items concerning fisheries include (1) Adoption of proposed changes to: Klamath River salmon regs, Ocean salmon sport regs, and MPA regs – clean-up package; (2) Guidance on public recommendations for potential 2015 sport fish regulatory changes; and (3) Discussion of: proposed regs to establish pacific halibut auto-conformance regs and requests to allow transfer of nearshore fishery bycatch permits.http://www.fgc.ca.gov/meetings/2014/apr/041614agd.pdf

Friday, March 28

Pacific Halibut sport fishing – Notice of Proposed Changes in Regulations

State of California Fish and Game Commission provides Notice of Proposed Changes in Regulations related to Pacific halibut sport fishing. In short, this will conform Ca’s rules and regulations to those promulgated by the applicable federal agencies.  http://www.fgc.ca.gov/regulations/2014/28_20ntc.pdf

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Tuesday, March 25

Preliminary Meeting Agenda – April Fish and Wildlife Commission Meeting

The Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission has released a Preliminary Meeting Agenda for its April 11 – 12 meeting. As presently planned, The 11th looks to be focused on hunting issues and the 12th on fishery matters – Puget Sound Dungeness crab, shrimp and smelt fisheries.  http://wdfw.wa.gov/commission/meetings/2014/04/agenda_apr1114.html

Steelhead fishery on upper Columbia River and tributaries – closure

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife provides notice of closure of the Columbia River and tributaries above Rock Island Dam to fishing for steelhead.  Most steelhead will be spawning beginning in April.  National Marine Fisheries Service Permit 1395 for this program only allows a fishery to be promulgated through March 31. The closure goes into effect 1 hour after sunset on March 31, 2014.  Aside from the Columbia River, other rivers impacted are:  Wenatchee, Methow, Okanogan and Similkameen.  https://fortress.wa.gov/dfw/erules/efishrules/erule.jsp?id=1422

Friday, March 28

Recreational Shrimp fishery in Puget Sound – notice of opening date

Recreational spot shrimp fishing will open May 3 in Puget Sound under seasons described and defined in the link below. http://wdfw.wa.gov/news/mar2814d/

 

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Published government actions (Federal, Alaska, California, Oregon and Washington) impacting fisheries for the week 3/15/14 – 3/22/14

NOAA/NMFS:

Monday, March 17

Release of Decision Summary Document – PFMC March meeting

The PFMC publishes the March 2014 meeting decision summary document. The following areas of interest are mentioned: Habitat, Groundfish management, Pacific halibut management, Enforcement issues, Coastal Pelagic Species management, Highly Migratory Species management, Salmon management, and Administrative matters.

http://www.pcouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/0314decisions.pdf

Tuesday, March 18

Temporary rule, notice of closure – Pacific cod

NMFS is prohibiting directed fishing for Pacific cod by catcher vessels greater than or equal to 50 feet (15.2 meters (m)) length overall (LOA) using hook-and-line gear in the Central Regulatory Area of the Gulf of Alaska (GOA). This action is necessary to prevent exceeding the A season allowance of the 2014 Pacific cod total allowable catch apportioned to catcher vessels greater than or equal to 50 feet (15.2 m) LOA using hook-and-line gear in the Central Regulatory Area of the GOA.  The closure is in effect from March 15 through noon June 14, 2014.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-18/pdf/2014-05919.pdf

Temporary rule, notice of closure – Pacific cod

NMFS is prohibiting directed fishing for Pacific cod by catcher vessels using hook-and-line gear in the Western Regulatory Area of the Gulf of Alaska (GOA). This action is necessary to prevent exceeding the A season allowance of the 2014 Pacific cod total allowable catch apportioned to catcher vessels using hook-and-line gear in the Western Regulatory Area of the GOA.  The closure is in effect from March 15 through noon June 14, 2014.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-18/pdf/2014-05918.pdf

Wednesday, March 19

Temporary rule, notice of closure – Pacific cod

NMFS is prohibiting directed fishing for Pacific cod by catcher/processors using trawl gear in the Central Regulatory Area of the Gulf of Alaska (GOA). This action is necessary to prevent exceeding the A season allowance of the 2014 Pacific cod total allowable catch apportioned to catcher/ processors using trawl gear in the Central Regulatory Area of the GOA.  The closure is in effect from March 14 through noon June 14, 2014.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-19/pdf/2014-06075.pdf

Temporary rule, notice of closure – Pacific cod

NMFS is prohibiting directed fishing for Pacific cod, except for the Community Development Quota program (CDQ), in the Aleutian Islands subarea of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands management area (BSAI). This action is necessary to prevent exceeding the non-CDQ allocation of the 2014 Pacific cod total allowable catch (TAC) in the Aleutian Islands subarea of the BSAI.  The closure is in effect from March 16 through the end of the year

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-19/pdf/2014-06077.pdf

Proposed rule, request for comments – chafing gear regs for midwater trawl for groundfish

NFMS has proposed an action which modifies the existing chafing gear regulations for midwater trawl gear. This action includes regulations that affect all trawl sectors (Shorebased Individual Fishing Quota Program, Mothership Cooperative Program, Catcher/Processor Cooperative Program, and tribal fishery) managed under the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan (PCGFMP).   Comments on this proposed rule must be received no later than 5 p.m., local time on April 18, 2014.  NMFS is specifically seeking comments on the proposed method of attachment for chafing gear, including the benefits and effects relative to current minimum mesh size restrictions and prohibition on double walled codends.  Comments can be submitted electronically through the provided link.

http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=NOAA_FRDOC_0001-2897

Correction to notice of public meeting – PFMC April meetings

The Pacific Fishery Management Council and its advisory entities will hold public meetings. This notice corrects the list of items to be considered by the Council and its advisory bodies.  The meeting dates are April 3 – 10 at the Hilton Vancouver Washington, 301 W. 6th Street, Vancouver, WA 98660.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-19/pdf/2014-06039.pdf

Thursday, March 20

Notice of public meeting – NPFMC meetings

The North Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) and its advisory committees will hold public meetings, April 7–14, 2014 at the Hilton Hotel, 500 West 3rd Avenue, Anchorage, AK.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-20/pdf/2014-06133.pdf

Friday, March 21

Notice of public meeting – WPFMC meetings

The Western Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) will hold meetings of its and Hawaii and Pacific Remote Island Area Archipelago Plan Team (HI–PRIA PT), the Joint Hawaii, Marianas and American Samoa Archipelago Plan Team (Joint PT) and the Council’s Fishery Data Collection and Research Committee—Technical Committee (FDCRC–TC).  The HI–PRIA PT meeting will be held on April 8, 2014, the Joint PT meeting on April 9–11, 2014, and the FDCRC–TC meeting April 14–16, 2014.  The meetings will be held at the Council office, 1164 Bishop Street, Suite 1400, Honolulu, HI 96813.

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-03-21/pdf/2014-06170.pdf

Preseason Report II for Ocean Salmon Fishery Regulations

The Pacific Fishery Management Council releases Preseason Report II for 2014 Ocean Salmon Fishery. Included is a list of the scheduled public hearings – which are March 24 – Westport and Coos Bay; March 25 in Santa Rosa.

http://www.pcouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/Preseason_Report_II_2014FINAL.pdf

Alaska Department of Fish and Game

Saturday, March 15

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening delay

Because of inclement weather, the South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will be delayed for 24 hours.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386474727.pdf

Sunday, March 16

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening delay

Because of inclement weather, the South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will be delayed for another 24 hours.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386566846.pdf

Monday, March 17

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening delay

Because of inclement weather, the South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will be delayed for another 24 hours.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386682244.pdf

Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery – 2-hour notice in effect

The Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery will be on 2-hour notice effective 8:00 a.m., Thursday, March 20, 2014.  This means that a fishery could be expected with a minimum of two hours notice after the effective time.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386747240.pdf

Tuesday, March 18

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening delay

Because of inclement weather, the South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will be delayed for another 24 hours.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386852939.pdf

Kodiak Area State-Waters Pacific Cod Pot Gear – season closure

The Kodiak Area state-waters Pacific cod season for all vessels using pot gear will close at 4:00 p.m. Wednesday, March 19, 2014. Inseason catch estimates indicate the pot gear harvest allocation will be attained at the time of the closure.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387030816.pdf

2014 Lower Cook Inlet herring fishery – information/outlook

This notice provides detailed information to individuals interested in the 2013 herring return to Kamishak Bay District in Lower Cook Inlet (LCI) and the outlook for 2014. The sac roe herring fishery in Kamishak Bay will remain closed in 2014 to allow the population further opportunity to rebuild from low biomass levels. Abundance and age composition data collected in 2013 were analyzed earlier this winter and detailed information regarding stock status is now available.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/386962047.pdf

Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery – preseason organizational meeting

The preseason organizational meeting scheduled for 1:00 p.m., Wednesday, March 19, will be held at the Westmark Sitka Hotel conference room and not the Centennial Building as previously announced.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387156218.pdf

Southeast Alaska/Yakutat spring troll fishery – public meeting schedule

Schedule for commercial troll public meetings to be held in towns around Southeast Alaska and Yakutat.  Meeting topics will include, but are not limited to, plans for the 2014 spring and summer troll fisheries, the 2014 Pacific Salmon Treaty Chinook salmon abundance index and quota, and a review of the 2013 troll season.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387285965.pdf

Southeast Alaska geoduck fishery – fishery announcement

Times and harvest levels for the following areas:  Nehenta Bay (Subdistrict 101-29-001), Maurelle Islands (Subdistricts 103-70-009, 103-80-009, 104-40-009, 104-50-009) and Steamboat Bay (Subdistrict 103-70-003)

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387438971.pdf

Chignik Area State-Waters Pacific Cod Pot Gear – season closure

The Chignik Area state-waters Pacific cod season for all vessels using pot gear will close at 4:00 p.m. Wednesday, March 19, 2014. Inseason catch estimates indicate the pot gear harvest allocation will be attained at the time of the closure.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387300163.pdf

Wednesday, March 19

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening delay

Because of inclement weather, the South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will be delayed for another 24 hours.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387539686.pdf

Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery – Update #2

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387606309.pdf

Thursday, March 20

South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod – season opening

The South Alaska Peninsula Area state-waters Pacific cod season for jig gear will open at 12:00 noon on Thursday, March 20, 2014.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387784273.pdf

Southeast Alaska winter troll fishery – clarification

Provides additional information on the winter troll boundary line in the Sitka area.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387809276.pdf

Friday, March 21

Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery – Update #3

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/387923001.pdf

Southern, Northern & Joint Southeast Regional Planning Team meeting – notice

Meeting will take place April 8 in the Glacier Bay Room, Aspen Suites Hotel.  8400 Airport Boulevard, Juneau, Alaska 99801.  The Southern RPT will review four permit alteration requests (PARs) as will the Northern RPT.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388005816.pdf

Saturday, March 22

Sitka Sound sac roe herring fishery – Update #4

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388151623.pdf

Prince William Sound State-Waters Pacific Code Fishery (longline vessels) – closure

The Prince William Sound (PWS) Area E state-waters Pacific cod season will close to vessels fishing with longline gear effective 12:00 noon, March 26, 2014. The PWS state-waters Pacific cod season remains open to vessels fishing with pot gear and the PWS parallel Pacific cod season remains open to vessels fishing with jig gear.

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/applications/dcfnewsrelease/388254487.pdf

California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Wednesday, March 19

Recreational ocean salmon season – opening

CA Fish and Game Commission and the Ca DFW announce April 5 opening of recreational ocean salmon season south of Horse Mountain (by Eureka). Among the items contained in the notice: change in the possession limit of Chinook salmon (note the difference between daily bag limit and possession limit); differences in minimum size limit north and south of Pt Arena; limitations on approved tackle north of Pt Conception.

http://cdfgnews.wordpress.com/2014/03/19/recreational-ocean-salmon-season-to-open-south-of-horse-mountain-on-april-5/

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Monday, March 17

Sport clam season, Sequim Bay State Park – opening

The sport clam season at Sequim Bay State Park will open on April 1, until further notice.

https://fortress.wa.gov/dfw/erules/efishrules/erule.jsp?id=1418

Sport clam and oyster season, Potlatch State Park – delayed

The sport clam and oyster fishing season at Potlatch State Park will be delayed until July 1.

https://fortress.wa.gov/dfw/erules/efishrules/erule.jsp?id=1417

Sport clam and oyster season, North Bay (Case Inlet) – delayed

The sport clam and oyster fishing season at North Bay (Case Inlet) will be delayed until June 1.

https://fortress.wa.gov/dfw/erules/efishrules/erule.jsp?id=1416

Sport clam and oyster season, South Indian Island County Park – delayed

The sport clam and oyster fishing season at South Indian Island County Park will be delayed until July 1.

https://fortress.wa.gov/dfw/erules/efishrules/erule.jsp?id=1420

Friday, March 21

Razor clam digs announced

Digs scheduled for the following areas Twin Harbors, Long Beach, and Mocrocks between March 26 and April 3.

http://wdfw.wa.gov/fishing/shellfish/razorclams/current.html

2014 List of Fisheries

The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) requires the Secretary of Commerce to maintain a list of commercial fisheries and to rate each fishery based upon occurrences of incidental mortality and serious injury to marine mammals.  The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has been tasked to fulfill these requirements and does so through the annual List of Fisheries (“LOF”).  The LOF classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into one of three categories depending on the level of incidental mortality or serious injury to marine mammals:

Category I – frequent incidental mortality and serious injury of marine mammals;

Category II – occasional incidental mortality and serious injury of marine mammals; or

Category III – a remote likelihood of or no known incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals.

This fishery classification criteria is based on a two-tiered, stock-specific approach.  The first step addresses the total impact of all fisheries in each marine mammal stock.  Once that is complete, the second step addresses the impact of individual fisheries on each stock.  A full description of how this works can be technical and is outside the scope of this document.  See also – 50 CFR 229.2 (detailed definition of each category), 60 FR 45086 (details regarding how the categories were determined) and 60 FR 67063 (details regarding factors considered when including a fishery within a particular category without any documented injuries or mortalities).

The classification of a fishery in the LOF determines whether participants in that fishery are subject to certain provisions of the MMPA, such as registration, observer coverage, and take reduction plan (TRP) requirements.  Owners of vessels or gear engaging in a Category I or II fishery are required to:

  1. Obtain a valid Certificate of Authorization by registering with the Marine Mammal Authorization Program (50 CFR 229.4).
  2. Accommodate an observer onboard your vessel(s) upon request (50 CFR 229.7).
  3. Comply with any applicable take reduction plans. NMFS may develop and implement take reduction plans for any Category I or II fishery that interacts with a strategic stock.  Note – the 2013 LOF proposes the following take reduction plans which will impact certain Pacific Ocean Fisheries:
  4. False Killer Whale Take Reduction Plan (FKWTRP)—50 CFR 229.37

Category I – HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/set line.

Category II – HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/set line.

  1. Pacific Offshore Cetacean Take Reduction Plan (POCTRP)—50 CFR 229.31.

Category II – CA thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh).

Section 118 of the MMPA, codified at 16 USC §1387, requires an annual review of the LOF to reflect new information on interactions between commercial fisheries and marine mammals as well as new information in the Marine Mammal Stock Assessment Reports (SAR) and other relevant sources.  On December 6, 2013 NMFS published the proposed LOF for 2014 in the Federal Register.[1]  Three entities submitted public comments.  The final LOF for 2014 was published in the Federal Register on March 14, 2014[2].  There were some modifications to fisheries in the Pacific Ocean and those are highlighted below[3].  Unlike last year, no fisheries in the Pacific were reclassified in this LOF.

West Coast and Pacific fisheries removed from the LOF

Category II Western Pacific pelagic “pot vessel,” “factory mothership,” and “multipurpose vessels not elsewhere identified (NEI);”

Category II Pacific highly migratory species “pot vessel” and “multipurpose vessels (NEI);”

Category II South Pacific albacore troll “pot vessel” and “multipurpose vessels (NEI);”

Estimated number of vessels/persons in the commercial fisheries in the Pacific Ocean were adjusted as follows (if your fishery is not listed, there were no changes):

Category Fishery

Est # of participants (2013 LOF)

Est # of participants (2014 LOF)

I CA thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet

25

19

II CA spot prawn pot

27

28

II CA Dungeness crab pot

534

570

III CA pelagic longline

6

1

III CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

305

203

III CA spiny lobster

225

198

Note – while not reflected in the 2014 LOF, the following fisheries were noted in public comments to have different estimated number of vessels/persons.

Category Fishery

Est # of participants (2013 LOF)

Est # of participants (2014 LOF)

III WA salmon purse seine

440

75

III WA salmon reef net

53

11

Updates to list of mammal species or stocks incidentally killed or injured by Pacific Ocean fisheries:

CA thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet fishery – addition of minke whales.

Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot fishery – addition of grey whale (Eastern North Pacific).

HI deep-set (tuna target) longline fishery – changes the false killer whale stock name from “HI Insular” to “MHI Insular” on the list of species/stocks incidentally killed or injured in the “HI deep-set (tuna target) longline” fishery and removes the superscript “1” to indicate the stock is no longer driving the fishery’s Category I classification.  Sperm whale (HI stock) is added.

HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline fishery – addition of Blainville’s beaked whale (HI stock).

American Samoa longline fishery – adds Cuvier’s beaked whale (unknown stock), short-finned pilot whale (unknown stock), and bottlenose dolphin (unknown stock)

Updates to the estimated number of High Seas Fishing Compliance Act (HSFCA) permits in the Pacific Ocean:

Category High Seas Fishery

# of HSFCA Permits (2013 LOF)

Est # of HSFCA Permits (2014 LOF)

II South Pacific tuna Purse Seine

38

40

II South Pacific albacore Troll Longline

11

13

II South Pacific tuna fisheries longline

10

8

II Pacific highly migratory species handline/pole and line

40

46

II South Pacific albacore troll handline/pole and line

7

9

II Western Pacific pelagic handline/pole and line

6

5

II South Pacific albacore troll

36

33

II South Pacific tuna fisheries troll

3

2

II Western Pacific pelagic troll

22

19

III Pacific highly migratory species liners nei

1

3

III Pacific highly migratory species Longline

96

101

III Pacific highly migratory species Purse Seine

6

8

III Pacific highly migratory species Troll

263

262

Updates to list of mammal species or stocks incidentally killed or injured by Pacific Ocean High Seas fisheries:

Western Pacific Pelagic longline (HI Deep-set component) fisheryremoval of the following “unknown” stocks: bottlenose dolphin, false killer whale, pantropical spotted dolphin, Risso’s dolphin, short-finned pilot whale, and striped dolphin.  Addition of sperm whale (HI stock).

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component) fisheryremoval of the following “unknown” stocks: bottlenose dolphin, Kogia sp. whale (pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), Risso’s dolphin, short-finned pilot whale, and striped dolphin.  addition of false killer whale (HI Pelagic stock), short-beaked common dolphin (CA/OR/WA), and Blainville’s beaked whale (HI stock).

Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

(note – some of these also have a high seas component and are listed in the table that follows)

Fishery Description

Est # of vessels/persons

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
 

CATEGORY I

 
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/set line

129

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, MHI Insular & HI Pelagic (drivers for Cat I status)

False killer whale, Palmyra Atoll

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI

Risso’s dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Striped dolphin, HI

GILLNET FISHERIES:    

CA thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh)

19

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore.

California sea lion, U.S.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA.

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA.

Minke Whale, CA/OR/WA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding.

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Risso’s dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Sperm Whale, CA/OR/WA (driver for Cat I status)

 

CATEGORY II

 
Fishery Description

Est # of vessels/persons

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
GILLNET FISHERIES:

CA halibut/white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

 

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA. (driver for Cat II status)

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA.

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding.

Sea otter, CA.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/W

CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in)

30

California sea lion, U.S.

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet

1863

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay.

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Harbor seal, Bering Sea.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific.

Spotted seal, AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet

982

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay.

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Harbor seal, Bering Sea.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Spotted seal, AK.

AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

Harbor porpoise, GOA. (driver for Cat II status)

Harbor seal, GOA.

Sea otter, Southwest AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S

AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

738

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet.

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor porpoise, GOA.

Harbor seal, GOA.

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific. (driver for Cat II status)

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

569

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet.

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor porpoise, GOA. (driver for Cat II status)

Harbor seal, GOA.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet

162

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor porpoise, GOA.

Harbor seal, GOA.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet

114

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor porpoise, GOA.1

Harbor seal, GOA.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific.

Sea otter, South Central AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.  (driver for Cat II status)

AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

474

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK.

Harbor seal, Southeast AK.

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific. (driver for Cat II status)

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific.

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet

167

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Harbor Porpoise, Southeastern AK.

Harbor seal, Southeast AK.

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK).

WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishingis excluded)

210

Dall’s porpoise, CA/OR/WA.

Harbor porpoise, inland WA. (driver for Cat II status)

Harbor seal, WA inland.

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    

AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

82

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

379

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
TRAWL  FISHERIES:    

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

34

Bearded seal, AK.

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea.

Harbor seal, Bering Sea.

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific. (driver for Cat II status)

Killer whale, AK resident. (driver for Cat II status)

Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient. (driver for Cat II status)

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Ringed seal, AK.

Ribbon seal, AK.

Spotted seal, AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S. (driver for Cat II status)

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

95

Bearded Seal, AK.

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Harbor seal, AK.

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific and Western North Pacific.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Ribbon seal, AK.

Ringed seal, AK.

Spotted seal, AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S. (driver for Cat II status)

Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

10

Killer whale, ENP AK resident.

Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient

POT, RING, NET AND TRAP FISHERIES:    

CA spot prawn pot

28

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA. (driver for Cat II status)

CA Dungeness crab pot

570

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA. (driver for Cat II status)

OR Dungeness crab pot

433

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA. (driver for Cat II status)

WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA.

WA coastal Dungeness crab pot/trap

228

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA. (driver for Cat II status)

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    

HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/set line

20

Blaineville’s beaked whale, Hi

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic.

False killer whale, HI Pelagic. (driver for Cat II status)

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific.

Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI.

Risso’s dolphin, HI.

Short-finned pilot whale, HI.

Striped dolphin, HI

American Samoa longline

24

Bottlenose Dolphin, unknown

Cuvier’s beaked whale, unknown

False killer whale, American Samoa.

Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa.

Short-finned pilot whale, unknown

HI shortline

11

None documented
 

CATEGORY III

 
Fishery Description

Est # of vessels/persons

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
GILLNET FISHERIES:

AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

1702

 

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea.

AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

Harbor seal, GOA.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

990

None documented

CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

304

None documented

HI inshore gillnet

36

Bottlenose dolphin, HI.

Spinner dolphin, HI.

WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast.

WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented

WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet.

110

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast.

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding.

PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL, THROW NET AND TANGLE NET FISHERIES:    

AK Southeast salmon purse seine

415

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

2

None documented

AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

6

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

367

None documented

AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented

AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II).

935

Harbor seal, GOA.

CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA.

CA squid purse seine

80

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

CA tuna purse seine

10

None documented

WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented

WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented

WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented

WA salmon purse seine

75

None documented

WA salmon reef net

11

None documented

HI opelu/akule net

22

None documented

HI inshore purse seine

< 3

None documented

HI throw net, cast net

29

None documented

HI hukilau net

26

None documented

HI lobster tangle net

0

None documented
DIP NET FISHERIES:    

CA squid dip net

115

None documented

WA/OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:    

CA marine shellfish aquaculture

Unknown

None documented

CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

> 1

None documented

CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.

HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented

OR salmon ranch

1

None documented

WA/OR salmon net pens

14

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, WA inland waters

TROLL FISHERIES:    

AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut nonsalmonid troll fisheries

1320 (120 AK)

None documented

AK salmon troll

2008

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

American Samoa tuna troll

7

None documented

CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4300

None documented

HI trolling, rod and reel

1560

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

40

None documented

Guam tuna troll

432

None documented
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

154

Dall’s Porpoise, AK.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

36

Killer whale, AK resident

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

28

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

1302

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

107

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

291

Sperm whale, North Pacific.

AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2280

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK octopus/squid longline

2

None documented

AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

1323

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore.

WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented

CA pelagic longline

1

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

HI kaka line

17

None documented

HI vertical longline

9

None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:    

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

9

Ribbon seal, AK.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

93

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

41

Northern elephant seal, NP.

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

62

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

62

Dall’s porpoise, AK.

Fin whale, Northeast Pacific.

Northern elephant seal, North Pacific.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

34

None documented

AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish otter/beam trawl

282

None documented

AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

33

None documented

AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl.

2

None documented

CA halibut bottom trawl

53

None documented

WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160 – 180

California sea lion, U.S.

Dall’s porpoise, CA/OR/WA.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

POT, RING, NET AND TRAP FISHERIES:    

AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

243

None documented

AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

8

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

68

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

296

None documented

AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

6

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

389

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

154

Harbor seal, GOA.

AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

415

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK).

AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot

274

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK).

AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

210

None documented

AK octopus/squid pot

26

None documented

AK snail pot

1

None documented

CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

203

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

Harbor seal, CA

CA spiny lobster

198

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific.

OR/CA hagfish pot or trap

54

None documented

WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented

WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented

HI crab trap

9

None documented

HI fish trap

9

None documented

HI lobster trap

< 3

Hawaiian monk seal.

HI shrimp trap

4

None documented

HI crab net

6

None documented

HI Kona crab loop net

48

None documented
HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:    

AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

456

None documented

AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

180

None documented

AK octopus/squid handline

0

None documented

American Samoa bottomfish

12

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

28

None documented

Guam bottomfish

> 300

None documented

HI aku boat, pole, and line

3

None documented

HI Main Hawaiian Islands deep-sea bottomfish handline

567

Hawaiian monk seal.

HI inshore handline

378

None documented

HI tuna handline

459

None documented

WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented

Western Pacific squid jig

< 3

None documented
HARPOON FISHERIES:    

CA swordfish harpoon

30

None documented
POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:    

AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

411

None documented

AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

4

None documented

WA herring brush weir

1

None documented

HI bullpen trap

< 3

None documented
BAIT PENS:    

WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.
DREDGE FISHERIES:    

Coastwide scallop dredge

108 (12 AK)

None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:    

AK abalone

0

None documented

AK clam

156

None documented

WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented

AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented

AK herring spawn on kelp

266

None documented

AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

521

None documented

CA abalone

0

None documented

CA sea urchin

538

None documented

HI black coral diving

< 3

None documented

HI fish pond

16

None documented

HI handpick

57

None documented

HI lobster diving

29

None documented

HI spearfishing

143

None documented

WA/CA kelp

4

None documented

WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection.

637

None documented

WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL(CHARTER BOAT)  FISHERIES:    

AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

> 7000

(2702 AK)

Killer whale, stock unknown.

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

HI charter vessel

114

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI.
LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH  FISHERIES:    

CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

Commercial Fisheries on the Pacific High Seas

(note – some of these also have a Pacific Ocean component and are listed in the table above)

Commercial Fisheries on the Pacific High Seas

(note – some of these also have a Pacific Ocean component and are listed in the table above)

 

Fishery Description

Number of HSFCA permits

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

 

CATEGORY I

 

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Deep-set component)

124

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, HI Pelagic.

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI.

Risso’s dolphin, HI.

Short-finned pilot whale, HI.

Striped dolphin, HI.

 

CATEGORY II

 

Fishery Description

Number of HSFCA permits

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

4

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA.

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Risso’s dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA.

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

Western Pacific Pelagic

0

Undetermined

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

40

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

 

 

South Pacific Albacore Troll

13

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

8

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component)

28

Blaineville’s beaked whale, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False Killer Whale, HI Pelagic

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific.

Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI

Risso’s dolphin, HI.

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, HI. & unknown

Striped dolphin, HI. & unknown

HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

46

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

9

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

5

Undetermined

TROLL FISHERIES:

 

 

South Pacific Albacore Troll

33

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

2

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

19

Undetermined

LINERS NEI FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

3

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

1

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined

 

CATEGORY III

 

Fishery Description

Number of HSFCA permits

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

101

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

8

None documented

TROLL FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

262

None documented

 

[3] At the end of this document is a full list of all Pacific commercial fisheries showing their respective Category, estimated number of vessels/persons and marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured.

Pacific sardine management – determining harvest levels

Managing the Pacific Sardine Fishery off the West Coast of the United States

During the most recent (March 2014) meeting of the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), a decision was reached that will change the sea surface temperature index used in management of the Pacific sardine fishery.  Science has showed a correlation between sardine productivity and water temperatures.  In periods of warmer average temperatures the Pacific sardine is more productive.  This correlation is incorporated into the harvest control rules for Pacific sardine and is more fully described below.  Prior to this meeting, sea surface temperatures from the Scripps Pier were used for purposes of Pacific sardine management.  On March 11, 2014 the PFMC decided to cease using the Scripps Pier temperature index and utilize sea surface temperatures obtained from CalCOFI.  One of the driving factors in leading to the use of the CalCOFI temperature index is that it provides a bigger picture of the whole of the Southern California Bight area.

The Pacific sardine is one species which makes up the larger assemblage managed under the PFMC’s Coastal Pelagic Species (CPS) Fishery Management Plan (FMP).  In addition to Pacific sardine, the CPSFMP covers Pacific mackerel, jack mackerel, market squid and northern anchovy.  Jack mackerel, the northern and central subpopulations of the northern anchovy and market squid are all “monitored” species under the CPSFMP.  Monitored species are those “not requiring intensive harvest management and where monitoring of landings and available abundance indices are considered sufficient to manage the stock[1].”  The Secretary of Commerce has to make a determination that a stock or stock complex qualifies as monitored and will not be managed by Harvest Guidelines (HG) or according to the provisions of the FMP.  Monitored stocks can become actively managed if a point-of-concern is found to exist – overfishing would be an example.  Market squid is currently managed by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife under the Market Squid Fishery Management Plan.  Pacific mackerel and Pacific sardine are both actively managed species.  Active management applies to “stocks and fisheries with biologically significant levels of catch, or biological or socioeconomic considerations requiring relatively intense harvest management procedures[2].”

The CPSFMP provides a default harvest control rule (HCR) for actively managed species:

H = (BIOMASS – CUTOFF) x FRACTION x DISTRIBUTION

H is the targeted level of harvest;

BIOMASS is the managed stock’s estimated biomass.  This is reported to the PFMC, annually, in the form of a stock assessment for that stock;

CUTOFF is the lowest level of biomass which allows for directed harvest.  It is intended to provide spawning stock that is protected from fishing and available for forage, stock rebuilding, etc;

FRACTION is that portion of the biomass, in excess of the cutoff level, which may be taken;

DISTRIBUTION is that portion of the biomass, on average, assumed to be in US waters.

There are other measures which are included in National Standard 1 – see 50 CFR §600.310.  While not specifically contained in the HCR, these measures are utilized during the establishment of annual HGs to show the conservative nature of the allowed take.

MAXCAT is the maximum allowable take and is meant to guard against high levels of catch resulting from errors in estimating BIOMASS;

FMSY is the “level of fishing mortality rate that, if applied over the long term, would result in Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY)[3]”;

Overfishing Limit (OFL) is “an estimate of the catch level at which overfishing is occurring[4]”;

Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC) is “a level of a stock or stock complex’s annual catch that accounts for the scientific uncertainty in the estimate of OFL and any other scientific uncertainty[5]”;

BUFFER is used to account for scientific uncertainty in calculating ABC;

Annual Catch Limit (ACL) is “the level of annual catch of a stock or stock complex that serves as the basis for invoking Accountability Measures[6]”;

Annual Catch Target (ACT) is “an amount of annual catch of a stock or stock complex that is the management target of the fishery and accounts for management uncertainty in controlling the actual catch at or below ACL[7]”;

Each of these are calculated as follows:

OFL = BIOMASS * FMSY * DISTRIBUTION

ABC = BIOMASS * BUFFER * FMSY * DISTRIBUTION

ACL will be less than or equal to ABC per the CPSFMP

HG is the targeted level of harvest from the default HCR (H in that formula)

ACT = lesser of HG or ACL

The current Pacific sardine harvest control rule is defined in Section 4.6.2. of the CPSFMP.  It adopts the default HCR where the harvest guideline is (BIOMASS – CUTOFF) x FRACTION x DISTRIBUTION.

The PFMC has assigned a CUTOFF of 150,000 metric tons.  If the stock biomass estimate is below that 150,000 mt threshold, no directed fishing for pacific sardine will be allowed.  FRACTION will vary and ranges between 5 and 15% depending on sea surface temperatures.  FRACTION, for Pacific sardine, is a proxy for FMSY that incorporates optimum yield considerations and other precautions to avoid overfishing.  FRACTION is based on a three-year average of sea surface temperatures and reflects the assumption that Pacific sardine are more productive with warmer water regimes.  This has been quantified as:

FMSY = 0.248649805 T2 – 8.190043975 T + 67.4558326

where T is the average three season sea surface temperature at Scripps Pier (soon to be CalCOFI readings) during the three preceding seasons.  The CalCOFI temperature index, while approved, hasn’t been incorporated yet because it is likely a management action that requires additional documentation – for example, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

The HCR for sardine further limits FRACTION in the sense that it will never be higher than 15 percent nor lower than 5 percent. These percentages are policy decisions made by the PFMC based on social, economic and biological criteria.  During the March 2014 PFMC meeting, discussion was had on modifying these percentages to never exceed 20 percent and removing the 5 percent floor and allow FRACTION to be 0 percent should conditions justify that.  No final action was agreed upon and the subject was held over for future consideration.  The PFMS has previously defined DISTRIBUTION for pacific sardine as 87 percent.  This also has been called into question given increasing landings in Mexico and Canada over the recent past, notwithstanding that Canada accounted for very little sardine landings in 2013.  The PFMC has resisted invitations to revisit this DISTRIBUTION figure.  Increased landings by either Mexico or Canada doesn’t necessarily mean that more of the biomass is, on average, assumed to be outside of US waters.  It could be that Mexico and/or Canada have simply ramped up effort in this fishery.

Now that the HCR has been described, here is how it works:  In 2012, the estimated biomass for Pacific sardine was 988,385 metric tons.  FMSY was calculated at .18 based on the last three year average sea surface temperature at Scripps.  Using the Pacific sardine HCR, FRACTION was capped at 15 percent.  DISTRIBUTION, as defined above, is 87%.  This results in the 2012 HG of 109,409 metric tons.

HG = (988,385 – 150,000) * 15% * 87% = 109,409 mt

Measures included in National Standard 1, utilizing the formulas above:

OFL = 988,385 * .18 * .87 = 154,781 mt

In determining ABC the PFMC has assigned BUFFER values to each of the following decimals representing the probability of overfishing .45, .40, .30 and .20 as follows 0.95577, 0.91283, 0.82797 and 0.73861 respectively:

ABC0.45 = 988,385 * 0.95577 * 0.18 * 0.87 = 147,935 mt

ABC0.40 = 988,385 * 0.91283 * 0.18 * 0.87 = 141,289 mt

ABC0.30 = 988,385 * 0.82797 * 0.18 * 0.87 = 128,153 mt

ABC0.20 = 988,385 * 0.73861 * 0.18 * 0.87 = 114,323 mt

The HG of 109,409 is below ABC, at even the most conservative level.

© 2014  West Coast Fisheries Consultants, LLC all rights reserved


[1] CPSFMP Section 1.3 – Categories of Management @ p. 8

[2] id

[3] 50 CFR §600.310(e)(1)(i)(B)

[4] 50 CFR §600.310(e)(2)(i)(D)

[5] 50 CFR §600.310(f)(2)(ii)

[6] 50 CFR §600.310(f)(2)(iv)

[7] 50 CFR §600.310(f)(2)(v)